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2014年成考专升本英语常用词组汇总
发布时间:2014年5月29日 浏览:1812 次

 1.enable sb to do sth使某人能做某事

  eg.The computer enables people to communicate with each other more conveniently./计算机使人们彼此间能更方便地交流。

  2.be about to do sth… when正要做某事……突然……

  eg.I was about to go shopping when it suddenly began to rain./我刚要出去买东西,天就突然下雨了。

  3.by accident/by chance/accidentally偶然地

  4.come across sb偶然遇见

  5.act on sth依……行事eg.Each student should act on the rules and regulations of the school./每个学生都应该遵守学校的规章制度。

  6.add to/add up to加上/总计达eg.The number of the patients added up to three hundred last week./上星期,病人人数达到了三百人。

  7.in advance/ahead of time提前

  8.after all毕竟

  9.agree to do sth/agree with sb/agree to sth

  10.aim at doing sth下定目标做某事eg.Aiming at winning the game, he practiced hard every day./为赢得比赛,他每天努力练习。

  11.allow/permit/forbid doing sth允许/允许/禁止做某事

  12.allow/permit/forbid sb to do sth允许/允许/禁止某人做某事

  13.apologize to sb for sth因某事向某人道歉

  14.take sth in one's arms抱着……

  15.arrive at a conclusion得出结论

  16.put sb to shame使某人相形见绌eg.His courage put all the other students to shame./他的勇气令其他学生都感到惭愧不如。

  17.be astonish at sth因某事感到震惊

  18.make the bed铺床

  19.blame sb for sth/it is me to blame因某事责怪某人/该受责怪的人是我

  20.break down/break up/break out/break into坏了/驱散/爆发/破门而入

  21.hold one's breath/out of breath摒住呼吸/上气不接下气

  22.bring about/bring up引起,使发生/抚养长大

  23.burst into tears/laughters突然大哭/大笑

  24.burst out crying/laughing突然大哭/大笑

  25.call at sp/call on sb/call up/call off/call out to/call for/call on sb to do拜访某地/拜访某人/打电话/取消/大喊/叫来/号召某人做某事
 26.carry out/work out/point out/find out实现/做出/指出/查明

  27.catch up with sb/keep up with sb/put up with sb赶上某人/跟上某人/容忍某人

  28.change sth into sth/exchange sth for sth把……变成/交换eg.Can you change this note into coins?/你能把这张纸币换成硬币吗? eg.May I exchange this book for your new pen?/我能用这本书换你的新笔吗?

  29.come into being/come to oneself/形成/恢复意识 eg.The new system came into being in the late 19th century./这种新体制在十九世纪后期开始形成。

  30.have sth in common with sb和某人有共同点 eg.The twins have a lot of things in common with each other./孪生姐妹间有很多相似点。

  31.congratulate sb on sth/doing sth祝贺某人某事

  32.be regarded/thought of/considered as被认为,被当成

  33.be content/satisfied/pleased with对……感到满意

  34.encourage sb to do sth/encourage sb in sth鼓励某人做某

  eg.He always encourages me to work hard./他总是鼓励我要努力工作。

  eg.He always encourages me in my study./他总是在我的英语上给我鼓励。

  35.be covered with被……覆盖

  36.deal with/do with/handle处理,解决

  37.be determined to do sth/make up one's mind to do下定决心做某事

  38.to some degree/to some extent/in a way从某种程度上来说

  39.put off… until/delay推迟eg.The sport meeting has been put off until next Friday./运动会已经被推迟到下周五。

  40.take delight in sth/doing sth取悦于做某事eg.One should not take delight in making fun of others./人不能以取笑他人为乐。

  41.depend on/rely on/feed on/live on依靠/依靠/用……喂养/以……为生

  42.in the distance/at a distance在远处/隔一段距离

  43.dress sb in sth/sb be dressed in sth打扮某人

  44.be due to do sth按期,按理该做某事,由于eg.The train is due to arrive at 5 o'clock./火车应在五点到达。 eg.The failure is totally due to his carelessness./失败都是由他的粗心造成的。

  45.be eager to do sth/be eager for sth迫不及待做某事/对……很热衷

  46.have an effect on sth对……有影响eg.Smoking has a bad effect on people's health./吸烟有害健康。

  47.make efforts to do sth千方百计做某事

  48.equip sb with sth/arm sb with sth用……来武装某人eg.The young people must arm themselves with knowledge./年轻人必须用知识武装自己的头脑。

  49.expect sb to do sth/count on sb to do sth/want sb to do sth期待某人做某事/指望某人做某事/想让某人做某事

  50.make a face/be faced with sth做鬼脸/面对……eg.She was faced with many difficulties when doing the experiment./她在做实验时遇到很多困难。
51.have faith in sth/be faithful to sth对……忠诚

  52.fall asleep/fall ill/fall silent入睡/生病/恢复寂静

  53.sb be familiar with sth/sth be familiar to sb某人熟悉某物

  54.find fault with sb/sb be at fault挑某人的毛病/是某人的错

  55.do sb a favor/give sb a hand帮某人忙

  56.feel like doing sth/would like to do sth想要做某事

  57.be fit/suitable for sth适合,胜任 eg.Mary believes that she is fit for the new job./玛丽相信她可以胜任新的工作。

  58.be fond of doing sth对做某事感兴趣

  59.force sb to do sth/make sb do sth/have sb do sth/get sb to do sth/let sb do迫使某人做某事,让某人做某事

  60.give out/give away/give up/give in/give off /give back分发/送人/放弃/屈服/释放气体/归还

  eg.I saw a man giving out pamphlets on the street./我刚看见一个人在街道上正发传单。

  eg.When I grow up, I give away all my toys to my brothers./我长大后,把所有的玩具都给了我弟弟。

  eg.Cars give off much poisonous gas every day./汽车每天释放出很多有害气体

  61.learn/know sth by heart背诵,牢记在心

  62.help oneself to sth/cannot help doing sth/cannot help to do sth随便吃/禁不住做某事/不能帮忙做某事

  63.hold on/hold up坚持,稍等/阻塞

  64.insist on/persist in/stick to坚持

  65.knock at the door/knock into the wall/knock out sb/knock sth off/knock sth over敲门/撞墙/打晕某人/把……打掉/把……撞倒eg.Who has knocked the vase off the shelf?/谁把花瓶从架子上弄掉的?

  66.let out the secret/keep sth a secret泄密/保守秘密

  67.before long/long before/it is not long before …很久之前/不久之后/不久之后便……eg.It was not long before I realized that how foolish I was at that time./不久之后我便意识到我当时是多么的愚蠢。

  68.be made up of/consist of/contain/include由……构成/包含,包括eg.The class is made up of fifty students./The class consists of fifty students./The class contains/includes fifty students./这个班由五十名学生组成。 69.mean to do sth/mean doing sth打算做某事/意味着做某事

  eg.I didn't mean to hurt you by telling you the truth./我告诉你真相并不是打算要伤害你。

  eg.It means killing me that you lie to me./对我撒谎就意味着要杀了我。

  70.in badly need of/in lack of/in want of急需,缺乏

  71.have nothing to do with sb/it is none of sb's business和某人没关系/不管你的事

  72.object to sth/doing sth反对某事/反对做某事

  73.an idea occur to sb某人突然想到一个主意eg.An idea occurred to Tom that he can hide himself under the bridge./汤姆突然想到他可以藏在桥底下。

  74.owe sth to把……归功于eg.He owed all his success to the supports from his family./他把成功归功于家人的支持。

  75.pay sb some money for sth
 75.pay sb some money for sth

  76.sth cost sb some money

  77.sb spend some money on sth/in doing sth

  78.it takes sb some money to do sth

  79.take place/take one's place/take the place of sb发生/取代某人/取代某人

  80.practise doing sth联系做某事

  81.provide sb with sth/provide sth for sb向某人提供某物

  82.on purpose故意

  83.rather than/other than而不是/除了,不同于

  eg.He bought the red tie rather than the green one./他买了那条红领带而不是那条绿色的。

  eg.He never speaks to me other than to ask for something./他除了向我要东西,从不和我说话。

  eg.She seldom appears other than happy./她很少有不高兴的时候。

  84.refer to指的是,提及

  85.play a role in在……扮演一个角色,在某方面起作用

  86.make room for为……腾地方

  87.see sb off/meet sb at the station为某人送行/去车站接某人

  88.send out/send for a doctor/send off/send up/派出/派人去请医生/发出气体/发射

  89.make sense有意义 eg.What you have said makes no sense./你刚才说的话都是废话。

  90.sentence sb to death/stone sb to death/starve sb to death判某人死刑/用石头把某人打死/饿死某人

  91.be similar to与……相似

  92.sooner or later迟早

  93.stop sb from doing sth/keep sb from doing/prevent sb from doing阻止某人做某事

  94.suffer from sth遭受……痛苦

  95.be sure to do sth有信心做某事eg.She is sure to win the first prize in the competition./她有信心在比赛中获胜。

  96.make sure确保,确定eg.When you leave the room, make sure that all the windows are shut.

  97.it is certain that毫无疑问的是……

  98.tear sth into pieces把……撕成碎片

  99.all the time/all the same/all the best/all the way一直/同样/一切都好/千里迢迢

  eg.He came all the way by air in order to watch the finals./他一路飞来,为的就是看最后的决赛。

  100.be tired of doing/be tired from doing厌倦做某事/因某事感到劳累

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